4. Administration

4.1. License Management

Login to ASGARD, navigate to Licensing, click Upload ASGARD Management Center License and upload a valid license.

Install a License

Install a license

After uploading, the license details are displayed.

4.2. System Status

4.2.1. Status Overview

The initial system status page provides a summary of the most important system components.

It also includes the current resource consumption (disk, CPU and memory) and lists the currently installed ASGARD software version along with available versions of THOR. Additionally, the connection status to the update servers, MASTER ASGARD and Cockpit are shown with a graph that shows asset connections and asset streams.


The THOR version numbers may be missing in a new installation. THOR is not included in the installed packages. THOR is downloaded automatically after the installation and should show up not later than one hour after installation.

Overview Top Half

Overview Top Half

Overview Bottom Half

Overview Bottom Half

4.2.2. Diagnostics

The diagnostics sub menu shows the periodically performed checks and their status. Clicking the magnifying glass icon shows details of the performed check. If a check failed it gives a detailed error message and hints on which steps typically help in resolving the issue.

Overview Over Periodic Diagnostic Checks

Overview Over Periodic Diagnostic Checks

The traffic light on the left menu always shows if any of those checks failed by showing a warning or error (i.e. yellow or red light) and you can click the status to view the diagnostics page as a pop-up.

4.2.3. Logs

The logs section shows the latest and most relevant logs. Complete logs can be found at /var/lib/nextron/asgard2/log.

Logs Section

Logs Section

Available logs and their content:

  • Audit: Containing user login/-off, changes done over the UI.

  • ASGARD Management Center: Overall status of the MC, general errors and warnings.

  • ASGARD Agent and Service Controller: Status of the agents deployed on assets.

  • THOR via Syslog: Received syslog events of THOR scans. Partial results if a scan did not complete.

  • Aurora: All Aurora events:

  • Aurora Event Producers: The top 10 of event producing processes per endpoint.

  • Aurora Response Actions: Only response action events of Aurora:

  • Aurora Simulated Response Actions: Only simulated response action events of Aurora.

  • LogWatcher: All LogWatcher events.

  • Diagnostic Pack: Button for generating and downloading a diagnostic pack that may be asked for by support.

4.3. ASGARD Agent Deployment

In order to register a new endpoint to the ASGARD Management Center, download and install the ASGARD Agent on the system you want to register.

The ASGARD Agent can be directly downloaded from the ASGARD login screen through the button Download Agent Installers. A list of available agents for various operating systems appears.

Download Agent Installers from Login Screen

Download Agent Installers from Login Screen

Agents Overview

Agents Overview

After the installation, the endpoints will connect to ASGARD, register automatically and appear in the Asset Management Section in the tab Requests. Please allow two or three minutes for systems to show up. The agents use the hostname to connect to ASGARD, ensure that your endpoints can resolve and reach the ASGARD hostname.


Full administrative privileges are required for the ASGARD agent and THOR to operate properly.

In the requests tab, select the agents you want ASGARD to manage and click Accept. After that, the endpoint shows up in the asset tab and is now ready to be managed or scanned.

Accepting ASGARD Agent Requests

Accepting ASGARD Agent Requests

A registered agent will poll to the ASGARD Management Center at a given interval between 10 seconds and 600 seconds – depending on the number of connected endpoints (see Performance Tuning for details). If ASGARD has scheduled a task for the endpoint (for example: run THOR scan) it will be executed directly after the poll.

4.3.1. Windows Agent Deployment

Since the Agent Installer for Windows is a normal .exe file and not a .msi file, you need to write your own scripts to deploy the agent via your management system of choice. We have written an example script in PowerShell, which should work for most of the tools. Please see the section Installing ASGARD Agent via Powershell Script and Deploy ASGARD Agents via SCCM.

Alternatively, if you want to deploy the ASGARD Agent manually, you can just execute the installer by hand.

4.3.2. Linux Agent Deployment

To deploy the ASGARD Agent on a linux system, you can use the following commands:

Debian based systems
user@unix:~/Downloads$ sudo dpkg -i asgard2-agent-linux-amd64.deb
RHEL, CentOS and Fedora
user@unix:~/Downloads$ sudo rpm -i asgard2-agent-linux-amd64.rpm

You will be able to deploy your agents via most of the common linux tools, just make sure that the installer is being installed with administrative priileges.

4.3.3. macOS Agent Deployment

Starting with macOS Big Sur (v11.0), Apple requires software developers to notarize applications.

Due to the nature of the asgard2-agent installer, which is generated on installation time and making it unique for each new installation, it's currently not possible to notarize the installer.

This document aims to describe possible workarounds intended to be a reference for IT Administrators or IT packaging teams to bypass Apple verifications and install the personalized asgard2-agents on their macOS Big Sur (or newer) workstations.


Executing any of the workarounds described in this document puts your system at risk for a short period of time. This document will deactivate global security mechanisms of the operating system, which are intended to protect the integrity of the system.

Please always keep in mind to check your systems after performing any of the described actions to ensure that all security mechanisms are in place and are re-activated after performing the described actions.

Please follow the below steps to install the ASGARD Agent on macOS.

  1. Open a new terminal session

  2. Deactivate macOS Gatekeeper

    • sudo spctl --master-disable

  3. Close the terminal and open a new terminal session

  4. Install asgard2-agent

    • sudo installer -pkg /path/to/asgard2-agent-macos-amd64.pkg -target /

  5. Close the terminal and open a new terminal session

  6. Reactivate macOS Gatekeeper

    • sudo spctl --master-enable


Make sure to activate the macOS Gatekeeper once you are done:

sudo spctl --master-enable

You can verify the state of the macOS Gatekeeper with:

MacBook-Pro:~ nextron$ spctl --status
assessments enabled

On a system with activated Gatekeeper, the output has to be assessments enabled. macOS Full Disk Access

Since macOS version 13 (Ventura) the ASGARD Agent needs full disk access to function properly. After you have deployed the ASGARD Agent, you need to grant the service the required access permissions. Please keep in mind that administrative privileges on the machine are needed to perform this change.

To do this, navigate on your Mac to System Settings > Privacy & Security > Full Disk Access:

macOS 13 Privacy & Security

You need to enable the asgard2-agent-service slider:

macOS 13 Full Disk Access


There is no workaround to this step, since it is an integral part of the security design of Apple devices. If you are having trouble with THOR scans via ASGARD on macOS, please check if the Full Disk Access permission for the ASGARD agent was granted. Since macOS version 10.14 (Mojave), you need to grant the same permissions if you want to scan removable volumes.

4.4. Asset Management

In the Asset Management view you can see all the connected ASGARD agents. New assets will be placed under Asset Requests and need a manual approval before being able to connect to your ASGARD (for auto accept see Advanced).

If the Duplicate Assets view is visible, you should try to remediate the issues in a timely manner, since this might cause unwanted side effects on the duplicate hosts.


Assets in the Duplicate Assets view indicate, that one or more agents are running on multiple endpoints. This might be caused by cloning a system with an already installed ASGARD 2 Agent. Undesirable side effects of duplicate assets are alternating hostnames and tasks that fail immediately.

For remediation please see Duplicate Assets Remediation.

4.4.1. Asset Overview

Management of all endpoints registered with ASGARD can be performed in Asset Management. The assets will be presented as a table with an individual ASGARD ID, their IP addresses and host names.

Asset View

Asset View

By clicking the control buttons in the Actions column, you can start a new scan, run a response playbook, open a command line or switch the endpoints ping rate to a few seconds instead of a maximum of 10 minutes.

Asset Actions

Available Actions (left to right): Run Scan, Run Task, Connect To Remote Console, Show Timeline, Enable/Disable Fast Poll Mode


  • The internal ping between the ASGARD agent and ASGARD is based on HTTPS not ICMP

  • Depending on the user's role some of the control buttons may be disabled

  • The Run Scan button might be greyed out in new installations - this is because ASGARD did not download the THOR packages yet. You can either wait for a few minutes, or see the chapter Updates of THOR and THOR Signatures, to trigger a download manually.

4.4.2. Column Visibility

Users can select various columns and adjust their view according to their needs by clicking the gear wheel in the top right corner of any table.

Asset Columns

Available columns in Asset Management

4.4.3. Asset Labels

Labels are used to group assets. These groups can then be used in scans or tasks.

You can add multiple labels to an asset or a group of assets. This is done by selecting the particular assets in the left column, typing the label name (e.g. New_Label) and clicking the blue Add Labels button.


Don't use labels with white space characters as it could cause issues in syncs with Analysis Cockpit, exports / imports or other underlying legacy functions.

Asset Labeling

Add labels

In order to remove labels, select your assets, click the yellow Remove Labels button and type the name of the label you want to remove for these assets.

Asset Labeling

Remove labels

The asset management section has extensive filtering capabilities, e.g. it is easy to select only Linux endpoints that have been online today and have a particular label assigned. Export Asset List

The Import/Export Section allows you to export your assets to a CSV formatted file. Import Labels

The import function allows you to add or remove labels on assets based on columns in the previously generated CSV formatted file.

The import function processes the values in the columns Add Labels ... and Remove Labels ... only. In order to change labels, use the already exported list, add values in these columns and re-import it by using the Apply Labels from CSV button. Separate multiple labels with comma. Leading or ending white space characters will be stripped from the labels.

Asset Labeling via CSV

Asset Labeling via CSV

4.4.4. ASGARD Query

You can search for Assets in your ASGARD with the ASGARD Query. This allows you to write more complex queries to search for assets. Additionally, this helps you to be more flexible with your scan/response tasks, since you can just specify a query and don't have to set labels first. A good example of this might be if you are scanning a specific subnet every week, and a new agent is being deployed in this subnet. You don't have to think of all the labels or troubleshoot why scans are not being deployed. One example you could achieve this with is the following query:

system = "linux" and interfaces = ""

This would run the task on all linux systems in the subnet

The following operators are available:




hostname = "win10-dev"


cpu_count = 1


hostname contains "win"

Begins With

hostname begins with "win"

Ends With

hostname ends with "dev"

Numerical Comparison

total_memory >= 4 GB

Numerical Comparison

last_seen < 3 days ago (assets that have not been seen since 3 days)

Numerical Comparison

last_seen > 1 hour ago (assets that have been seen in the last hour)

Numerical Comparison

last_scan_completed < 2022-08-17 (assets that have not been scanned since 2022-08-17)

Numerical Comparison

last_scan_completed < 2022-08-17 15:00:00 (assets that have not been scanned since 2022-08-17 15:00:00)

Numerical Comparison

last_scan_completed is never


is_domain_controller is true


nextping is true (shows all assets with Fast Poll enabled)


not hostname contains "win"


not hostname ends with "dev"


hostname contains "win" and not hostname ends with "dev"


hostname begins with "dev" or hostname ends with "dev"


hostname ends with "dev" and (hostname contains "win" or hostname contains "lin")

Set / Not Set

labels is set (assets that have at least one label)

Set / Not Set

labels is not set (assets that have no labels)

Regular Expression

hostname matches "^[a-z0-9]{(0,6)}$"


Use _ to match any single character and % to match an arbitrary number of characters, including zero characters.


arch like "a__64" (matches amd64 and arm64, but not aarch64)


arch like "%64" (all 64 bit systems, e.g. amd64, arm64, aarch64 or ppc64)

IP Range

interfaces = ""

You can create simple or complex queries this way. You can group/separate queries with brackets:

(system = "linux" and interfaces = "") or (system = "windows" and interfaces = "")

(system = "linux" and interfaces = "" and labels = "my-label") or labels = "robot-test"

The following keys for the asset query are available:


Column Name




Agent Version


Service Controller Version


First Seen








Network Interfaces






Last Scan Completed


Last Seen Agent


Last Seen


Last Seen Service Controller


Fast Poll


Poll Interval




Total Memory




OS Version


You can see which query-name a field has by enabling the column in your asset view and clicking into the query text field:


4.4.5. Asset Migration

You can move an asset from one ASGARD to another via the Maintenance Module of Response Control. To do this, navigate to Asset Management and select the assets you want to migrate. Alternatively you can navigate to Response Control and add a new task. You can now Click the Add Task button to open the Task Menu. Choose the Maintenance Module and then the Move asset to another ASGARD Type. You have to upload an agent installer from the ASGARD you want to migrate the asset to.



The target OS or Arch of the installer doesn't matter, we will only use the installers configuration data.

4.4.6. Delete Assets

Deleting Assets will remove the assets from the Active Only asset view and will invalidate the authentication for these assets.

To delete an asset, go to the Asset Management View and mark the assets you want to delete. Click the Delete Assets Button on the top right corner. Confirm that you want to delete the asset.

To see all the deleted assets, change your view from Active Only to Deleted Only.


Deleted assets can no longer communicate with the ASGARD. Please use with caution.

Deleted Assets

Deleted Assets View

4.5. Scan Control

The Scan Control in your ASGARD allows you to run different kind of Scans on one or multiple assets. Additionally, you can create Scan Templates to use with new Scans, so the different options don't need to be configured for every new scan. False-Positive Filters can be set to exclude certain files from scan results, or even whole directories can be excluded.

Your ASGARD will also take care of THOR scans which stopped (e.g. the asset rebooted or lost connection to your ASGARD during a scan), so that a scan will not fail if the asset is temporarily offline.

4.5.1. Managing Scan Templates

Scan templates are the most convenient way to make use of THOR's rich set of scan options. Starting with ASGARD 1.10, it is possible to define scan parameters for THOR 10 and store them in different templates for later use in single scans and grouped scans.

Imagine you want to use dedicated scan options for different system groups (e.g. Linux Servers, Domain Controllers, Workstations, etc.) and make sure to use exactly the same set of scan options every time you scan a particular group of systems. With ASGARD you can now add a scan template for every group.

A popular use case for scan templates is providing additional resource control – for example telling THOR to set the lowest process priority for itself and never use more than 50% of CPU.

Please keep in mind, that we have already optimized THOR to use the most relevant scan options for a particular system (based on type, numbers of CPUs and system resources) and a comprehensive resource control is enabled by default.

For more details please refer to the THOR manual. Only use the scan templates if you want to deviate from the default for a reason.

Scan templates are protected from being modified by ASGARD users without the "Manage Scan Templates"-permission and can also be restricted from being used by ASGARD users in case the flag "ForceStandardArgs" is set for this user. (See section User Management for details).

By clicking the Import Scan Template button you can import a previously exported scan template.

Scan Templates

Scan Templates Overview

In order to create a scan template, navigate to Scan Control > Scan Templates and click the Add Scan Template button. The Add Scan Template dialogue appears. The current THOR scanner version is chosen for you by default but can be changed if needed.

After choosing or changing a scanner you will find the most frequently used options on the top of this page in the "Favorite Flags" category. View all THOR options by clicking on the other categories or quickly search for known flags in the search bar. By clicking on the star symbols you can also edit your personal favorites.

Scan Flags

Scan Flags

By checking the "Default" box, you can make this scan template the default template for every new scan. There can only be one default template at a time and selecting the box will uncheck a previous default, if set. Checking the "Restricted" flag will make the template restricted, meaning only a restricted set of users can use the template for scans. The set of users consists of all users who do not have the "ForceStandardArgs" restriction set. (By default this are all users who are not member of the group "Operator Level 1"). After clicking the "Add Template" button on the bottom of the template page, an overview of all existing scan templates is shown.

4.5.2. Scan a Single System Create a Single Scan

The creation of a scan is performed within the Asset Management. There is a button for each asset to create a new scan and to show all past scans.

Just click on the "THOR" button in the Action column in the Asset Management view.

Scan Control - Scan Creation

Scan Control - Scan Creation

Within this form, you can choose the maximum runtime, module, scanner, scan flags, signatures and template can be selected.

After the desired parameters have been set, the scan can be started by clicking the Add Scan button. Create a Single Scan for multiple Assets

If you want to run a Single Scan - instead of a Group Scan - on multiple Assets, you can do this by navigating to the Asset Management View and select the assets you want to scan.

Click the Add Scan button in the top right corner and fill in the scan options. This will create a Single Scan for each asset.

Scan Control - Multiple Single Scans

Scan Control - Multiple Single Scans Stopping a Single Scan

To stop a single scan, navigate to the "Single Scans" tab in Scan Control section and click the "stop" (square) button for the scan you want to stop.

Stopping Single Scans

Stopping a Single Scan Download Scan Results

After the scan completion, you can download the scan results via the download button in the actions column.

The download button has the following options:

  • Download Scan Result as TXT (the THOR text log file)

  • Download Scan Result as JSON (only available if it was started with the --json flag)

  • Download HTML Report (as *.gz compressed file; available for successful scans only)

  • Show HTML Report (opens another tab with the HTML report)

Scan Control - Download Scan Results

Scan Control - Download Scan Results

4.5.3. Scan Groups of Systems Create Grouped Scans

A scan for a group of systems can be created in the Scan Control > Group Scans tab. Click the Add Group Scan button in the upper right corner.

Scan Control – Create Group Scan

Scan Control – Create Group Scan

As with the single scans, various parameters can be set. Aside from the already mentioned parameters, the following parameters can be set:




Freely selectable name for the group scan.

Scan Target

Here you can define which assets will be affected by the group scan. You can either use the Simple target option, which uses labels, or you can use the Advanced target options, which makes use of labels or asset queries. Leaving this option empty will scan all assets.


ASGARD will not send additional scans to the agents when the client limit is reached. Therefore you need to set a limit higher than the number of hosts you want to scan or enter 0 for no limit. If you are using MASTER ASGARD, this limit is applied on each single selected ASGARD.


The number of scans per minute that are issued by ASGARD. This is where the network load can be controlled. Additionally, it is recommended to use this parameter in virtualized and oversubscribed environments in order to limit the number of parallel scans on your endpoints.


After this time frame, no scan orders will be issued to the connected agents.

Scheduled Start

Select a date for a scheduled start of the scan.

After the group scan has been Saved or Saved and Started, you will automatically be forwarded to the list of grouped scans. List of all Group Scans

The list of all group scans contains, among other items, the unique Scan-ID and the name.

Group Scans - List

Scan Control – Group Scans – List

In addition, information can be found about the chosen scanner, the chosen parameters, the start and completion times and the affected assets (defined by labels). Additional columns can be added by clicking on "Column Visibility".

The Status field can have the following values:




The group scan has not yet started. Either click play or wait for the scheduled start date (the job will start in a 5 minute window around the scheduled time).


Scan is started, ASGARD will issue scans with the given parameters.


No additional scan jobs are being issued. All single scans that are currently running will continue to do so.


The group scan is completed. No further scan jobs will be issued. Starting a Group Scan

A group scan can be started by clicking on the "play" button in the "Actions" column of a group scan. Subsequently, the scan will be listed as "Started". Starting a Scheduled Group Scan

The Scheduled Group Scan section shows all scans that are to run on a frequent basis along with their periodicity. All group scans that have been started through the scheduler will show up on top of the Group Scan section the moment they are started. New scheduled tasks can be created by clicking the Add Scheduled Group Scan button.

Scan Control – Scheduled Group Scan

Scan Control – Scheduled Group Scan

Scan Control – New Scheduled Group Scan

Scan Control – New Scheduled Group Scan Details of a Group Scan

Further information about a group scan can be observed from the detail page of the group scan. Click the scan you are interested in and the details section will appear.

Scan Control – Group Scans – Details

Scan Control – Group Scans – Details

Aside from information about the group scan in the "Details" tab, there is a graph that shows the number of assets started and how many assets have already completed the scan in the "Charts" tab. In the "Tasks" tab you get information about the scanned assets.

4.5.4. THOR Excludes and False-Positive Filters

In THOR you can define directory and file excludes and false positive filters. With ASGARD 2.13+ these features can be globally defined in ASGARD at Scan Control > THOR Config.

Scan Control - Global Directory Exclude and FP Filtering

Scan Control - Global Directory Exclude and FP Filtering


Be careful not to use too broad filters or excludes as this might cripple THOR's detection capabilities, if done incorrectly.

4.5.5. Syslog Forwarding

Syslog Forwarding is selected by default, with the %asgard-host% target, if you create a new THOR scan task. This is a new feature in ASGARD which has a few advantages and why you should consider using it:

  • You see live statistics of your THOR scans

  • You see at which stage the THOR scan is

  • You can see which module is being executed

  • You will see the last scanned element (helpful if a scan is stuck)

  • If a scan is being stopped by an outside process, no logs are available (more information further down)

  • You can use Rsyslog Forwarding to forward log lines immediately to the Cockpit/your SIEM

A normal flow of information for a THOR scan looks like this:

  • New scan is being created on the ASGARD

  • Agent checks in a asks if any tasks are available

  • ASGARD assigns the newly created THOR scan task to the asset

  • Asset is downloading THOR from the ASGARD and starts scanning

  • THOR finished the scan and the Asset is forwarding the scan result as a whole to the ASGARD

This means that your scan results take a while until you see them in your ASGARD, since the results will be uploaded to the ASGARD after the scan has finished. This also means if an outside process (e.g. Antivirus or EDR) killed THOR during the scan, you will not have any results in your ASGARD and have to troubleshoot why the scan failed, mainly by running THOR in debugging mode manually on the endpoint.

To configure syslog forwarding of logs, you can set the --syslog flag during scans. You have multiple options as to where you can send the logs.

Syslog Forwarding via --syslog flag

The --syslog value is constructed of the following arguments. Please keep in mind that the fields need to be in the correct order. Values are separated with the colon sign :




Possible Values



The receiving server, %asgard-host% is the ASGARD which issued the Scan for the Agent

FQDN or IP of remote host



The listening port on the remote system - optional, default is 514

1 - 65535



The log format - optional, default is DEFAULT








The socket type - optional, default is UDP





The syslog listener on the ASGARD is running on port UDP/514.



  • rsyslog-forwarder.dom.int:514:JSON:TCP

  • arcsight.dom.int:514:CEF:UDP

If you choose to use the --syslog flag, please make sure that the necessary ports are allowed within your network/firewall. If you decide to forward your logs via ASGARD to a SIEM, please have a look at Rsyslog Forwarding.

4.6. Response Control

The Response Control is used to execute tasks on your agents. Those tasks can be:

  • Run Playbook (pre-defined or custom)

  • Run Interrogate (collect system information)

  • Open Remote Console

  • Maintenance

    • Upgrade Agent

    • Upgrade Service Controller

    • Configure the asset's proxy

    • Move asset to another ASGARD

4.6.1. Opening a Remote Shell on an endpoint

In order to open a remote shell on an endpoint, open the Asset Management section and click the "command line" button in the Actions column.

Opening a Remote Shell from the Asset View

Opening a Remote Shell from the Asset View

Depending on your configuration it may take between 10 seconds and 10 minutes for the remote shell to open. Please note that all actions within the remote shell are recorded and can be audited. All shells open with root or system privileges.

Remote Shell

Remote Shell

In order to replay a remote console session, navigate to Response Control, expand the task that represents your session, select the Console Log tab and click the play button in the bottom row.

Replay Remote Shell Session

Replay Remote Shell Session

ASGARD users can only see their own remote shell session. Only users with the RemoteConsoleProtocol permission are able to replay all sessions from all users.

4.6.2. Response Control with Pre-Defined Playbooks

In addition to controlling THOR scans, ASGARD Management Center contains extensive response functions. Through ASGARD, you can start or stop processes, modify and delete files or registry entries, quarantine endpoints, collect triage packages and execute literally any command on connected systems. All with one click and executed on one endpoint or groups of endpoints.

It is also possible to download specific suspicious files. You can transfer a suspicious file to the ASGARD Management Center and analyze it in a Sandbox.

Built-in Playbooks

Built-in Playbooks

To execute a predefined response action on a single endpoint, navigate to the Asset Management view and click the "play" button in the Actions Column. This will lead you to a dialogue where you can select the desired action.

Execute Playbook on Single Endpoint

Execute Playbook on Single Endpoint

In this example, we collect a full triage package.

ASGARD ships with pre-defined playbooks for the following tasks:

  • Collect ASGARD Agent Log

  • Create and Collect Aurora Agent Diagnostics Pack (Windows only)

  • Collect full triage pack (Windows only)

  • Isolate endpoint (Windows only)

  • Collect system memory

  • Collect file / directory

  • Collect directory

  • Collect Aurora diagnostics pack

  • Execute command and collect stdout and stderr

Nextron provides additional playbooks via ASGARD updates.


The collection of memory can set the systems under high load and impacts the systems response times during the transmission of collected files. Consider all settings carefully! Also be aware that memory dumps may fail due to kernel incompatibilities or conflicting security mechanisms. Memory dumps have been successfully tested on all supported Windows operating systems with various patch levels. The memory collection on Linux systems depends on kernel settings and loaded modules, thus we cannot guarantee a successful collection. Additionally, memory dumps require temporary free disk space on the system drive and consume a significant amount of disk space on ASGARD as well. The ASGARD agent checks if there is enough memory on the system drive and adds a 50% safety buffer. If there is not enough free disk space, the memory dump will fail.

4.6.3. Response Control for Groups of Systems

Response functions for groups of systems can be defined in the Group Tasks tab or the New Scheduled Group Task tab.

Execute Playbook on Group of Endpoints

Execute Playbook on Group of Endpoints

4.6.4. Response Control with Custom Playbooks

You can add your own custom playbook by clicking the Add Playbook button in the Response Control > Playbooks tab.

Add Custom Playbook

Add Custom Playbook

This lets you define a name and a description for your playbook. After clicking the Add Playbook button, click on the Edit steps of this playbook action.

Playbook Action Items

Playbook Action Items

This opens the side pane in which single playbook steps can be added using the Add Step button.

Add Playbook Entry

Add Playbook Entry

If you need custom files for your playbook (scripts, configurations, binaries, etc.) you can select local files to be uploaded to ASGARD during the creation of the playbook step (by selecting "Upload New File" in the file drop-down). You can manage these files at Response Control > Playbook Files and upload or update files using the Upload Playbook File button.

Manage Playbook Files

Manage Playbook Files

You can have up to 16 steps in each playbook that are executed sequentially. Every step can be either "download something from ASGARD to the endpoint", "execute a command line" or "upload something from the endpoint to ASGARD". If you run a command line the stdout and stderr are reported back to ASGARD.

4.6.5. Change the Asset(s) Proxy

You can change the Proxy Settings on your Assets via the Response Control. To do this, select the asset(s) and click Add Task in the top right corner. Next, set the Module to Maintenance and the Maintenance Type to Configure the asset's proxy. You can now set your proxy. Multiple proxies can be set, though only one FQDN/IP-Address per field can be set.

Change/Set an assets Proxy

Change/Set an assets Proxy

4.7. Service Control

Service Control is ASGARD's way of deploying real-time services on endpoints. Currently there exist the Aurora and the LogWatcher service. To use any of those two, the service controller has to be installed on an asset.

4.7.1. Service Controller Installation

To install asgard2-service-controller on an asset you need to install the asgard2-agent first. If you already have installed asgard2-agent on an asset and accepted it in ASGARD, you can use the "Install ASGARD Service Controller" playbook to deploy the service controller on an asset or you can manually download and execute the asgard2-service-controller installer from the ASGARD downloads page.

Install Service Controller

Install Service Controller

4.7.2. Service Controller Update

If an ASGARD update comes with a new service controller version, you need to update the service controller on the already rolled-out assets. You can do this using an "Update Agent" task. For a single asset the task can be run in Asset Management > Assets > Run Task (play button action) or analogous as a (scheduled) group task under Response Control > (Scheduled) Group Tasks > Add (Scheduled) Group Task.

Update Service Controller

Update Service Controller


If you don't see the Update Agent module, you need to enable Show Advanced Tasks in Settings > Advanced

4.7.3. Sigma

LogWatcher, as well as Aurora, are using Sigma in order to define their detections. The Sigma rule management is shared between the two services. But each service has its own configuration that defines which rules are actually used on the assets. What is Sigma

From the project website:

Sigma is a generic and open signature format that allows you to describe relevant log events in a straightforward manner. The rule format is very flexible, easy to write and applicable to any type of log file. The main purpose of this project is to provide a structured form in which researchers or analysts can describe their once developed detection methods and make them shareable with others.

Sigma is for log files what Snort is for network traffic and YARA is for files. Creating a Ruleset

Rulesets are used to group rules to manageable units. As an asset can only have one service configuration, rulesets are used to determine which rules are used in which service configuration. There exist default rulesets for high and critical Sigma rules. If you want to create a custom ruleset go to Service Control > Sigma > Rulesets > Create Ruleset.

Create a Ruleset

Create a Ruleset

If you have chosen that new Sigma rules should be added automatically they are added now. If you didn't you now need to add the desired rules manually by going to Service Control > Sigma > Rules. Choose the rules that should be added to this ruleset by selecting the checkboxes and then Add to Ruleset. A rule can be assigned to multiple rulesets.

Add a Rule to Rulesets

Add a Rule to Rulesets


You need to commit and push your changes after editing a ruleset. ASGARD has to restart the service controller to read new configurations. In order to prevent multiple restarts in the case of a user performing several configuration changes in succession, the user has to initiate the reloading of the new configuration by going to Service Control > Sigma > Rulesets and performing the Compile ruleset action (gear wheels). The need for compiling is indicated in the Uncompiled Changes column.

Uncompiled Changes Indicator

Uncompiled Changes Indicator Choosing which Rules to activate

It is not advised to enable all available rules on an asset. We suggest to start with all "critical" and then advance to all "high" rules. We already provide a default ruleset for those two levels for you to use. "Medium" rules should not be enabled in bulk or "low"/"informational" at all . Single medium rules, which increase an organization's detection coverage and do not trigger a bigger number of false positives can be added to the active configuration, but should be tested rule by rule.

In order to easily add rules to a ruleset you can use the column filters to select the desired rules and add the bulk to a ruleset. As an example you can add all rules of level "critical" to a ruleset:

Add all critical rules to a ruleset

Add All Critical Rules to a Ruleset

Another great way to pivot the Sigma rule database is the usage of MITRE ATT&CK® IDs.

Search by MITRE ATT&CK® ID

Search by MITRE ATT&CK® ID

Or you can just search the title or description field of the rules. You can also search the rule itself using the "Rule" column. (the "Rule" column is not shown by default and has to be added using the gear wheel button).

Search by Rule Title or Description

Search by Rule Title or Description False Positive Tuning of Sigma Rules

Not every environment is the same. It is expected that some rules will trigger false positive matches in your environment. You have multiple options to tackle that issue.

  1. If it is a general false positive, probably not only occurring in your environment, consider reporting it at as a Github issue or e-mail to us (rules@nextron-systems.com). We will take care of the tuning for you and your peers.

  2. If the false positive is specific to your environment you can tune single Sigma rules at Service Control > Sigma > Rules, filter for the rule in question and choose the "Edit false positive filters of this rule" action. Here you can do simple rule tunings on your own. By clicking the Add False Positive Filter button you can add single lines that filter the event for false positives (i.e. they are OR-connected meaning: "Do not match the event if any of those lines matches). They are applied on top of the rule logic and persist automatic rule updates.

    Example of the false positive tuning of a Sigma rule

    Example of the false positive tuning of a Sigma rule

    To see the resulting rule you can click the "Show Preview" button or look at the "Compiled Rule" row in the rule's drop down menu.

    If you want to review the tuned rules: To filter for all rules containing a custom false positive tuning, you have to add the "Filters" column to your view (gear wheels icon) and show all non-empty rows by using the NOT - column filter.

  3. If the rule is adding too much noise and tuning is not sensible, you can remove the rule from the ruleset for a subset of your machines (maybe you need to define and use a separate ruleset for that use-case) or you can disable the rule altogether. This is done using the Disable this rule action of the rule. Disabling the rule affects the rule in all rulesets.

After tuning a rule, the rulesets using that rule have to be re-compiled at Service Control > Sigma > Rulesets. Adding Custom Rules

Custom rules can be added using the sigma format complying with the specification. You can upload single files or a ZIP compressed archive. This can be done at Service Control > Sigma > Rules > Upload Rules.

Adding Custom Rules

Adding Custom Rules Rule and Response Updates

If new rules or rule updates are provides by the Aurora signatures, the updates have to be applied by the user manually in order to be affecting Aurora agents managed by ASGARD. An indicator is shown in the WebUI and the rules changes can be reviewed and applied at Service Control > Sigma > Rule Updates.

Sigma Rule Updates for Aurora

Sigma Rule Updates for Aurora

Clicking on the Update button in the "Update Available" column opens a diff view in which the changes are shown and where the user can apply or discard the changes. If you do not need to review each single change, you can apply all changes using the Update All Rules button.

Analogous the updates of response actions can be viewed and applied at Service Control > Sigma > Response Updates. How to activate Responses

As a fail safe and for administration purposes, responses are generally only simulated if not explicitly set to active. This has to be done on different levels:

  • Service configuration level

  • Ruleset configuration level (on updates)

  • Ruleset rule level

If on one level a rule is simulated, it will not execute the response actions but only generate a log line that describes the action that would have been performed. You can see an overview of the state of all responses in the Service Control > Aurora > Configurations menu.

Aurora Configuration Response Action Overview

Aurora Configuration Response Action Overview

  1. indicates whether responses are activated on configuration level. Edit the configuration to change it.

  2. indicates how many rules are only simulated in that ruleset (or in sum).

  3. indicates how many rules have active responses in that ruleset (or in sum)

To change the status of a response in the ruleset click the ruleset link. You can view all simulated or all active responses. Use the checkbox and the button in the upper right to switch the response status of the rules between active and simulated.

Response Configuration in Rulesets

Response Configuration in Rulesets

In addition the default response mode of a ruleset is important for the behavior of response updates. It can be seen at Service Control > Sigma > Rulesets in the "Default Response Mode" column.

Ruleset Default Response Mode

Ruleset Default Response Mode

If "Simulation" is selected, response actions of new and updated rules will be put in simulation mode. If "Active" is selected, new rules will automatically be put in active mode and updated rules will not change their current response mode.

4.7.4. Aurora

  • Aurora is a lightweight endpoint agent that applies Sigma rules and IOCs on local event streams.

  • It uses Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) to subscribe to certain event channels.

  • It extends the Sigma standard with so-called "response actions" that can get executed after a rule match

  • It supports multiple output channels: the Windows Eventlog, a log file and remote UDP targets

Its documentation can be found at aurora-agent-manual.nextron-systems.com. Aurora Overview

Under Service Control > Aurora > Asset View (Deployed) the overview of all assets with installed Aurora is shown. Clicking on the entry opens a drop-down menu with details and additional information.

Aurora Asset View

Aurora Asset View Deploy Aurora on Asset

Analogous you can see an overview of all assets without Aurora installed under Service Control > Aurora > Asset View (Not Deployed) and install Aurora using the Deploy Aurora button. Change Service for an Asset

To change the Aurora configuration of an asset, navigate to Service Control > Aurora > Asset View (Deployed), select the asset's checkbox and choose > Change Aurora Configuration. Then choose the desired service configuration > by clicking Assign and Restart.

Change Aurora Service Configuration

Change Aurora Service Configuration

If you want to enable or disable the Aurora service on an asset, select it with the checkbox and use the Enable or Disable button or select the play or stop action icon on single assets. Creating a Custom Aurora Service Configuration

Go to Service Control > Aurora > Configurations > Add Configuration, enter a name and add the rulesets that should apply for this service configuration. No rulesets is a viable option, if you only want to use the non-sigma matching modules. You don't need to edit any other option as sane defaults are given.

Create a Custom Aurora Configuration

Create a Custom Aurora Configuration Process Excludes

If Aurora uses too much CPU cycles, the most common reason is a heavy event producer on the system (e.g. anti virus or communication software). In order to analyze the issue and define process exclusions, go to Service Control > Aurora > Process Excludes

Define Aurora Process Exclusion

Define Aurora Process Exclusion

An overview over the top event producing processes is given on the bottom of the section. Another possibility is to collect diagnostic packs of systems in question and look in the status.txt at the event statistics by process. False Positive Filters

If needed, false positives can be globally filtered on all Aurora agents at Service Control > Aurora > False Positive Filters. It is recommended to filter false positives at Service Control > Sigma > Rules and filter the false positives on a rule level using the "edit false positive" action (funnel icon). For more details see False Positive Tuning of Sigma Rules. If this is not possible, because you need a quick fix and multiple rules are affected, the global false positive filter can help.

Define Global Aurora False Positive Filters

Define Global Aurora False Positive Filters


A too permissive filter will greatly reduce Aurora's detection and response capabilities. Response Action Logs

You can view an overview and the logs of the Aurora response and simulated response actions under Service Control > Aurora > Response Action Logs.

Aurora Response Action Logs

Aurora Response Action Logs Best Practices for Managing Aurora

  1. Install the ASGARD agent on the asset (see ASGARD Agent Deployment)

  2. Install the ASGARD service controller on the asset (see Service Controller Installation)

  3. Deploy the Aurora Service on the asset using the [Default] Standard configuration with critical and high Sigma rules

  4. configuration (see Deploy Aurora on Asset)

Aurora Service Successfully Deployed

Aurora Service Successfully Deployed

If you want to enable the blocking capabilities of Aurora, we suggest to enable our included responses:

  1. See the overview at Service Control > Aurora > Configurations. The Effective Rules and Response row shows how many responses are active. By default no responses are active. See How to activate Responses on how to activate responses.

  2. Do not directly activate the responses in production environments. Monitor your environment for at least a month with simulated responses to verify that no false positive matches occur.

  3. In larger environments use different configurations and rulesets for different environments. As an example you can test changes to the configuration in a test environment, before adapting the changes for the production environment.

You can test the response functionality by entering the command

C:\Users\user>rundll32.exe AuroraFunctionTest.dll StartW

on the command line of an asset. As a result you should see following message in the Service Control > Aurora > Response Action Logs:

Aurora Service Successfully Deployed

Aurora Simulated Response Action

More tests are available from the Function Tests section of the Aurora manual. Those tests only generate detection events but no responses. If your ASGARD Management Center is connected to an Analysis Cockpit, you can see the detection events at Events > Aurora Events or in the Windows EventLog of the asset.

4.7.5. LogWatcher Service

The LogWatcher real-time service monitors the Windows Event Log using predefined rules in the Sigma format and creates an alert that is forwarded to ASGARD Analysis Cockpit if a match was found. The LogWatcher service is no longer shown by default on newly installed ASGARDs. To enable it go to Settings > Advanced and enable the Show LogWatcher checkbox. Prerequisites

In order to make full use of ASGARD LogWatcher you need a Windows Audit Policy and Sysmon, both with a reasonable configuration, in place. We expect organizations to take care of providing a sane configuration by their own. This section helps in giving starting points, if needed. Windows Audit Policy

The default audit policy of Windows is not suitable for security monitoring and needs to be configured. There are Microsoft recommendations available online.

Also auditing the command line for process creation events should be enabled. Documentation for that task is available here. Sysmon Configuration Template

There are some best practice configurations available. See them as a good starting point to develop your own configuration. If you do not have a Sysmon configuration yet, there are several options we suggest:

  1. The Nextron Systems fork of SwiftOnSecurity's sysmon-config

  2. The SwiftOnSecurity sysmon-config

  3. Olaf Hartong's sysmon-modular

In general we suggest our own configuration, as we test our rules with it and include changes from the upstream configuration. But depending on your preferences, either of those listed configurations is a good starting point for writing your own configuration.


Do not deploy those configurations to your production environment without prior testing.

It is expected that some tools you use will be the source of huge log volume and should be tuned in the configuration depending your environment. Sysmon Installation

Sysmon is part of Microsoft Sysinternals and therefore has to be installed as a third party tool. The preferred way to distribute Sysmon and its configuration is using your organization's device management. If you do not have access to one, you can use ASGARD's playbook feature to distribute Sysmon and update its configuration. Documentation which describes the playbook creation and that offers maintenance scripts can be found in our asgard-playbooks repository. Operation

This chapter explains how to configure LogWatcher using Sigma rules. LogWatcher Overview

Under Service Control > LogWatcher > Asset View (Deployed) the overview of all assets with an installed LogWatcher is shown. Clicking on the entry opens a drop-down menu with details and additional information.

LogWatcher Assets View

LogWatcher Asset View

Analogous you can see an overview of all assets without an installed LogWatcher under Service Control > LogWatcher > Asset View (Not Deployed). Enable Service for an Asset

To enable the LogWatcher service for an asset, navigate to Service Control > LogWatcher > Asset View, select the asset's checkbox and choose Assign Configuration. Then choose the desired service configuration by clicking Assign.

Enable a Service Configuration

Enable a Service Configuration Creating a Custom Logwatcher Service Configuration

A service configuration is used to group assets of similar type and assign them a set of rules (in form of rulesets).

Go to Service Control > LogWatcher > Configurations > Add Configuration, enter a name and add the rulesets that should apply for this service configuration (i.e. group of assets).

Create a Service Configuration

Create a Service Configuration

If you have not configured a ruleset yet, you need to do so beforehand.

4.8. IOC Management

4.8.1. Integrating Custom IOCs

The menu IOC Management gives you the opportunity to easily integrate custom signatures into your scans.

In order to create your own custom IOC Group, navigate to IOC Management > IOCs and click Add IOC Group in the upper right corner. Select a name and optionally a description for your IOC Group.

Add IOC Group

Add IOC Group

To add IOCs to this group, use the Show and edit IOCs in this IOC group action. A side pane opens where you can click the Import IOCs button to import your own signatures in any of THOR's IOC formats as files (e.g. files for keyword IOCs, YARA files and SIGMA files). Refer to the THOR manual (custom signatures) for a complete list and file formats. Browse to the file you want to add and click upload. This adds your IOC file to the default ruleset.

Imported IOCs Overview

Imported IOCs Overview

However, you can also click the Add IOC(s) button to add some IOCs interactively. Select the type, score and description, enter some values and click the Add IOC button.

Add IOCs

Add IOCs

You can add those IOC Groups to IOC Rulesets which can be created in the IOC Management > IOC Rulesets tab by clicking the Add Ruleset button in the upper right corner. Select name and description and click the Add Ruleset button.

Add Ruleset

Add Ruleset

After that, click on an entry in the table to expand it. There you get information about all IOC Groups which have been added to this ruleset. Additionally you can add or remove selected IOC Groups in IOC Management: IOCs by clicking one of the three buttons shown below.

Buttons to Add/Remove IOC Groups

Buttons to Add/Remove IOC Groups

4.8.2. Scan only with Custom IOCs

Those rulesets can be selected in the "IOC Rulesets" field while creating a new scan job. If a ruleset is selected, the scan will include all custom IOCs included in IOC Groups which have been added to this ruleset. You can also select more than one ruleset.

The THOR scan would be performed with the default settings and the custom ruleset, the default signatures would not be applied.

Select Ruleset while creating a scan job

Select Ruleset while creating a scan job


To scan exclusively with the custom ruleset, the flag --customonly must be set. Please see THOR Flags for more information.

4.8.3. Integrating IOCs through MISP


In order to use MISP events and their IOCs for scanning, you need to link your ASGARD with a MISP first. Please see Link MISP for reference.

ASGARD provides an easy to use interface for integrating IOCs from a connected MISP into THOR scans. In order to add rules from a MISP, navigate to IOC Management > MISP > MISP Events, select the IOCs and add them to the desired ruleset by using the button in the upper right corner.

There is no default ruleset for MISP. You must create at least one ruleset (see tab "MISP Rulesets") before you can add MISP rules.

MISP events

MISP events

To create a new ruleset, click Add MISP Ruleset in the IOC Management > MISP > MISP Rulesets tab. Select a name and the type of IOCs you want to use in this ruleset. By default, all types are selected, but there may be reasons for deselecting certain categories. For example, filename IOCs tend to cause false positives and may be deselected for that reason. The picture below shows the dialogue for adding a MISP ruleset. Enable Auto Compile in order to automatically compile new MISP events into the ruleset, when they arrive.

Adding a new MISP ruleset

Adding a new MISP ruleset

In order to use a MISP ruleset in a scan, add the ruleset in the MISP Signatures field when creating your scan.

Adding a MISP Ruleset to a Scan

Adding a MISP Ruleset to a Scan MISP Attributes used by ASGARD

Since not all the information and attributes in a MISP event are relevant to ASGARD and the THOR scanner, we provide a list of attributes which will be used by ASGARD:

  • hostname

  • ip-dst

  • domain

  • domain-ip>hostname

  • domain-ip>ip-dst

  • domain-ip>domain

  • filename

  • filepath

  • file>filename

  • file>filepath

  • file>md5

  • file>sha1

  • file>sha256

  • md5

  • sha1

  • sha256

  • yara

  • yara>yara

  • sigma


Only attributes with the flag IDS set to true will be used by ASGARD. Please make sure that the flag is set if you are intending to use certain events/attributes.

4.9. Evidence Collection

4.9.1. Collected Evidences

ASGARD provides two forms of collected evidence:

  1. Playbook output (file or memory collection, command output)

  2. Sample quarantine (sent by THOR via Bifrost protocol during the scan)

All collected evidence can be downloaded in the Collected Evidence section.

Collected Evidence List

Collected Evidence List

4.9.2. Bifrost Quarantine

If Bifrost is used with your THOR scans, all collected samples show up here. You will need the "ResponseControl" permission in order to view or download the samples. See section Roles and Rights for details.

Bifrost Collections

Bifrost Collections

4.11. Licensing

ASGARD requires an Issuer-License in order to scan systems. The Issuer-License contains the number of asset-, server- and workstation systems that can be scanned with ASGARD Management Center as well as the Aurora or LogWatcher service licenses.

ASGARD will automatically issue a valid single-license for a particular system during its initial THOR scan.

The screenshot below shows the licensing section of an ASGARD.

ASGARD licensing

ASGARD licensing

In addition, ASGARD can create single-licenses that can be used for agent-less scanning. In this case the license is generated and downloaded through the Web frontend.

Generate licenses

Generate licenses

The following systems require a workstation license in order to be scanned:

  • Windows 7 / 8 / 10 / 11

  • Mac OS

The following systems require a server license in order to be scanned:

  • All Microsoft Windows server systems

  • All Linux systems

The licenses are hostname based except for asset licenses. Asset licenses are issued for each accepted asset as soon as a response action is performed (playbook or remote console access).

4.12. Updates

4.12.1. ASGARD Updates

ASGARD will search for ASGARD updates on a daily basis. Available updates will automatically be shown in the section Updates.

As soon as an ASGARD update is available, a button Upgrade from ... to ... appears. Clicking this button will start the update process. The ASGARD service will be restarted and the user will be forced to re-login. Generally update MASTER ASGARD before the connected ASGARDs.

Updating ASGARD

Updating ASGARD

4.12.2. Updates of THOR and THOR Signatures

By default, ASGARD will search for signature updates and THOR updates on an hourly basis. These updates will be set to active automatically. Therefore, a triggered scan will always employ the current THOR version and current signature version. You may disable or modify the automatic THOR and Signature updates by deleting or modifying the entries in this section.

Automatic Scanner and Signature Updates

Automatic Scanner and Signature Updates

It is possible to intentionally scan with an old scanner version by clicking on the pencil icon and selecting the respective version from the drop-down menu.

Please be aware, that this is a global setting and will affect all scans!

Selecting a Scanner Version manually

Selecting a Scanner Version manually


You can trigger a Manual Check and download new THOR packages by clicking Manually Check for Updates. This can also be used in new ASGARD installations, as sometimes it takes a while until ASGARD does this automatically.

4.12.3. Agent Updates

If an asset or an agent can be update, there will be a notice shown in the Updates > Agents tab.

Update Agent

Update Agent

4.13. User Management

Access user management via Settings > Users. This section allows administrators to add or edit user accounts.

The field 2FA in the overview indicates if a user has Two Factor Authentication enabled or not.

Add User Account

Add User Account

Editing a user account does not require a password although the fields are shown in the dialogue. An initial password has to be provided for user creation, though.

Access the user roles in Settings > Roles.

You can download a list of all users in CSV format.

4.13.1. Roles

By default, ASGARD ships with the following pre-configured user roles. The pre-configured roles can be modified or deleted. The ASGARD role model is fully configurable.

ASGARD User Roles

User Roles – Factory Defaults

Note that all users except users with the right Readonly have the right to run scans on endpoints.

The following section describes these predefined rights and restrictions that each role can have.

4.13.2. Rights





Manage Scan Templates

Allows scan templates management

Remote Console

Connect to endpoints via remote console

View Remote Console Log

Review the recordings of all remote console sessions

Response Control

Run playbooks, including playbooks for evidence collection, to kill processes or isolate an endpoint

Service Control

User can manage services on endpoint, e.g. Aurora or LogWatcher

4.13.3. Restrictions



Force Scan Template [2]

Force user to use predefined scan templates that are not restricted

No Inactive Assets [2]

Cannot view inactive assets in asset management.

No Task Start [2]

Cannot start scans or task (playbooks)

Readonly [2]

Can't change anything, can't run scans or response tasks. Used to generate read-only API keys

4.13.4. LDAP Configuration

In order to configure LDAP, navigate to Settings > LDAP. In the left column you can test and configure the LDAP connection itself. In the right column, the mapping of LDAP groups to ASGARD groups (and its associated permissions) is defined.

First check if your LDAP server is reachable by ASGARD by clicking "Test Connection".

Configure the LDAP Server

Configure the LDAP Server

Then check the bind user you want to use for ASGARD. Read permissions on the bind user are sufficient. To find out the distinguished name you can use an LDAP browser or query using the PowerShell AD module command Get-ADUser <username>.

Configure the LDAP Bind User

Configure the LDAP Bind User

Next configure the LDAP filters used to identify the groups and users and their preferred attributes in your LDAP structure. A default for LDAP and AD in a flat structure is given in the "Use recommended filters" drop-down menu, but you can adapt it to your liking. The test button shows you if a login with that user would be successful and which groups ASGARD identified and could be used for a mapping to ASGARD groups.

Configure the LDAP User and Group Filters

Configure the LDAP User and Group Filters

If you need to adapt the recommended configuration or want to customize it, we recommend an LDAP browser such as ADExplorer from Sysinternals to browse your LDAP structure. As an example you could use your organization's e-mail address as a user login name if you change the "User Filter" to (&(objectClass=user)(objectCategory=user)(userPrincipalName=%s))


You need to save the configuration by clicking Update LDAP Config. Using the test buttons only uses the data in the forms, but does not save it, so that you can use it for testing purposes anytime, without changing your working configuration.

After the LDAP configuration is set up, you need to provide role mapping from LDAP groups to ASGARD groups. This is done in the right column by using the Add LDAP Role feature.

LDAP Group to ASGARD Role Mapping

LDAP Group to ASGARD Role Mapping

4.14. Additional Settings

4.14.1. Rsyslog Forwarding

Rsyslog forwarding can be configured in Settings > RSYSLOG. To add a forwarding configuration for local log sources, click Add Rsyslog Forwarding.

Rsyslog Forwarding

The following log sources can be forwarded individually:

Available Log Sources




Everything related to the ASGARD service, processes, task and scan jobs

ASGARD Audit Log

Detailed audit log of all user activity within the system

Agent Log

All ASGARD agent activities


THOR scan results

Thor Log (Realtime)

The THOR (Realtime) logs are the same logs as THOR logs, except that they are collected via udp syslog instead of https. To forward THOR logs in realtime, you have to configure your scans to forward syslog to ASGARD, see Syslog Forwarding). Make sure the necessary firewall rules are in place to allow the asset to communicate with the ASGARD.

Aurora Log

Aurora Logs

4.14.2. TLS Certificate Installation

Instead of using the pre-installed self-signed TLS Certificate, users can upload their own TLS Certificate for ASGARD.

Generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR)

Generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR)

In order to achieve the best possible compatibility with the most common browsers, we recommend using the system's FQDN in both fields Common Name AND Hostnames.

Please note that generating a CSR on the command line is not supported.

The generated CSR can be used to generate a TLS Certificate. Subsequently, this TLS Certificate can be uploaded in the Settings > TLS section.

Upload a TLS Certificate

Upload a TLS Certificate


Please see Install TLS certificates on ASGARD and MASTER ASGARD for a guide on how to sign the CSR and install it in your ASGARD.

4.14.3. Manage Services

The individual ASGARD services can be managed in Settings > Services. The services can be stopped or restarted with the respective buttons in the Actions column.

Configuration of Services

Manage Services

4.14.4. NTP Configuration

The current NTP configuration can be found in the NTP sub-section.

NTP Configuration

NTP configuration

A Source Pool or Source Server can be removed by clicking the delete action. To create a new Source Pool or Source Server, click Add NTP Source in the upper right corner.

4.14.5. Settings for Bifrost

Bifrost allows you to automatically upload suspicious files to your ASGARD during a THOR scan. If an Analysis Cockpit is connected, these files get automatically forwarded to the Analysis Cockpit in order to drop them into a connected Sandbox system. However, the collected files will stay on ASGARD for the amount of time specified in Retention time (0 days represent an indefinite amount of time).

Settings for Bifrost

Settings for Bifrost

The collected files can be downloaded in the Evidence Collection section. All files are zip archived and password protected with the password infected.

In order to automatically collect suspicious files, you have to create a scan with Bifrost enabled. Check the Send Suspicious Files to ASGARD option to send samples to the system set as bifrost2Server. Use the placeholder %asgard-host% to use the hostname of you ASGARD instance as the Bifrost server.

Bifrost Options

Scan option for Bifrost

This will collect all files with a score of 60 or higher and make them available for download in ASGARDs Collected Files section.

For Details on how to automatically forward to a sandbox system please refer to the Analysis Cockpit Manual .

4.14.8. Change Proxy Settings

In this dialogue, you can add or modify ASGARDs proxy configuration. Please note, you need to restart the ASGARD service (Tab Services) afterwards.

Change Proxy Settings

Change Proxy Settings


This will also overwrite any changes made to the file /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/proxy on your system. If you changed the file before installation of your ASGARD services (Changing Proxy Configuration), you can safely go ahead and change your proxy settings.

4.14.10. Advanced

The Advanced tab lets you specify additional global settings. The session timeout for web-based UI can be configured. Default is one hour. If Show Advanced Tasks is set, ASGARD will show system maintenance jobs (e.g. update ASGARD Agent on endpoints) within the response control section.

Inactive assets can be hidden in the Asset Management Section by setting a suitable threshold for Hide inactive Assets.

Advanced Settings

Advanced Settings

4.15. User Settings

The following settings will only affect the currently logged in user.

4.15.1. Changing your password

To change your password, navigate to the User Settings section.

Changing your password

Changing your password

4.15.2. Two Factor Authentication

We are currently using the Time-based One-time Password (TOTP) algorithm for two factor authentication. We recommend one of the following mobile apps for 2FA:

  • Google Authenticator

  • Microsoft Authenticator

  • Twilio Authy

  • iOS built-in Password Manager (iOS 15 or newer) Enable Two Factor Authentication

To enable Two Factor Authentication, navigate to User Settings > Two Factor Authentication. If 2FA is not enabled, you will see the option to Use Two Factor Authentication.

Enable 2FA

After clicking the button, you will be presented with a QR code for your authenticator app of your choice. Alternatively, you can use the secret key. You will need to verify the 6-digit token and click Validate Two Factor Authentication to enable 2FA.

Verify 2FA


You will be logged out of your current session if the validation was successful. Disable Two Factor Authentication

To disable 2FA, navigate to User Settings > Two Factor Authentication and click Deactivate Two Factor Authentication.

Deactivate 2FA


If a user is unable to log into ASGARD to disable their own 2FA, follow the instructions at Reset Two Factor Authentication for a specific User

4.15.3. API Key

To generate an API Key, navigate to User Settings > API Key.

This page allows you to set an API key. If an API key was previously set, a new key will be generated. You will only be able to see your new API key once after it has been generated.


Currently an API key always has the access rights of the user context in which it has been generated. If you want to create a restricted API key, add a new restricted user and generate an API key in the new user's context.


The API key has the same rights as your user. Do not use your API key as token for license generation and license / THOR download. Instead, use the download token from the Downloads menu (Generate Download Links).

4.16. Uninstall ASGARD Agents

The following listings contain commands to uninstall ASGARD Agents on endpoints.


The commands contain names used by the default installer packages. In cases in which you've generated custom installer packages with a custom service and binary name, adjust the commands accordingly.

4.16.1. Uninstall ASGARD Agents on Windows

You need administrative privileges to remove the ASGARD Agent from Windows. Open a command prompt with administrative privileges and run the following commands:

1C:\Windows\system32>sc stop asgard2-agent
2C:\Windows\system32>sc delete asgard2-agent
3C:\Windows\system32>sc stop asgard2-agent_sc
4C:\Windows\system32>sc delete asgard2-agent_sc
5C:\Windows\system32>rmdir /S /Q C:\Windows\System32\asgard2-agent
6C:\Windows\system32>rmdir /S /Q C:\ProgramData\thor


Line 3 and 4 are only necessary if the new service controller (on ASGARD 2.11+) has been installed.

4.16.2. Uninstall ASGARD Agents on Linux

RPMs via yum

user@host:~$ sudo yum remove asgard2-agent
user@host:~$ sudo rm -r /var/lib/thor

DEBs via dpkg

user@host:~$ sudo dpkg -P asgard2-agent
user@host:~$ sudo rm -r /var/lib/thor

Manual uninstall

root@host:~# /usr/sbin/asgard2-agent-amd64 stop
root@host:~# /usr/sbin/asgard2-agent-amd64 uninstall
root@host:~# rm -r /usr/sbin/asgard2-agent-amd64
root@host:~# rm -r /var/tmp/nextron/asgard2-agent
root@host:~# rm -r /var/lib/nextron/asgard2-agent
root@host:~# rm -r /var/lib/thor

4.16.3. Uninstall ASGARD Agents on macOS

user@mac:~$ sudo /var/lib/asgard2-agent/asgard2-agent --uninstall
user@mac:~$ sudo rm -r /var/lib/asgard2-agent/asgard2-agent
user@mac:~$ sudo rm -r /var/lib/thor

4.17. Uninstall ASGARD Service Controller


The command contains names used by the default installer packages. In cases in which you've generated custom installer packages with a custom service and binary name, adjust the commands accordingly.

If you want to uninstall the ASGARD Service Controller and Agent, see section Uninstall ASGARD Agents.

If you only want to uninstall the ASGARD Service Controller execute:

C:\Windows\system32>C:\Windows\System32\asgard2-agent\asgard2-agent_sc.exe -uninstall